Codes and Frequencies
For sample adults in 2000 who had taken any mixed or single herbal or botanical supplement during the past 12 months (HERYR), HERYBIL indicates whether the person had taken bilberry during the past 12 months.
Questions for Collecting Information on Use of Specific Herbs
In 2000, interviewers showed respondents a flash card listing 26 specific herbs and asked "During the past 12 months did you take any mixed or single herbal or botanical supplements?" Interviewers were instructed to "read if necessary" the following: "Include pills, capsules, liquid tinctures and extracts. Do not include teas or food. Do not include garlic or ginger used in cooking." Respondents who answered affirmatively (i.e., a "Yes" response in HERYR) were asked, "Which ones?" Interviewers were instructed to "mark all that apply."
The 2002 NHIS also inquired about respondents' use of herbs. The 2002 survey included some, but not all, of the same herbs as the 2000 survey, as well as some additional herbs not included in 2000. See HERYBEEP for a description of how that information was collected in 2002.
Specific Herbs Identified in NHIS
Bilberry is one of 46 possible specific herbal supplements that respondents could report using during the past year in 2000 and/or 2002.
The other such supplements, along with the years available, are:
- Aloe (HERYALOE, 2000 only)
- Astragalus (HERYAST, 2000 only)
- Bee pollen or royal jelly (HERYBEEP, 2002 only)
- Cascara sagrada (HERYCASC, 2000 and 2002)
- Cat's claw (HERYCAT, 2000 only)
- Cayenne (HERYCEY, 2000 only)
- Chaparral (HERYCHAP, 2002 only)
- Chasteberry or vitex (HERYCHAS, 2002 only)
- Black cohosh (HERYCOH, 2002 only)
- Comfrey (HERYCOMF, 2002 only)
- Cranberry (HERYCRA, 2000 only)
- Dong quai (HERYDONG, 2000 and 2002)
- Echinacea (HERYECH, 2000 and 2002)
- Ephedra (HERYEPH, 2002 only)
- Evening primrose (HERYEVE, 2000 and 2002)
- Feverfew (HERYFEV, 2000 and 2002)
- Fish oils or omega fatty acids (HERYFISH, 2002 only)
- Garlic supplements (HERYGAR, 2000 and 2002)
- Ginseng (HERYGIA, 2000 and 2002)
- Ginger supplements (HERYGIG, 2000 and 2002)
- Gingko biloba (HERYGIK, 2000 and 2002)
- Siberian ginseng (HERYGIS, 2000 only)
- Goldenseal (HERYGOL, 2000 only)
- Glucosamine with or without chondroitin (HERYGLUC, 2002 only)
- Grapeseed extract (HERYGRA, 2000 only)
- Guarana (HERYGUAR, 2002 only)
- Hawthorn (HERYHAW, 2002 only)
- St. John's wort (HERYJOH, 2000 and 2002 only)
- Kava kava (HERYKAV, 2000 and 2002 only)
- Bladder wrack or kelp (HERYKELP, 2002 only)
- Lecithin (HERYLEC, 2000 only)
- Licorice (HERYLIC, 2002 only)
- Melatonin (HERYMEL, 2000 and 2002)
- Milk thistle (HERYMIL, 2000 and 2002)
- Peppermint (HERYMINT, 2002 only)
- Mexican yam (HERYMYAM, 2002 only)
- Progesterone cream (HERYPROG, 2002 only)
- Ragweed (HERYRAGW, 2002 only)
- SAM-e (HERYSAM, 2002 only)
- Saw palmetto (HERYSAW, 2000 and 2002)
- Senna (HERYSEN, 2002 only)
- Soy supplements (HERYSOY, 2002 only)
- Valerian (HERYVAL, 2000 and 2002)
- Yohimbe (HERYYOH, 2002 only)
- Other herbal supplement (HERYOTH, 2000 only)
In 2000 (but not 2002), information was also collected on how long the respondent had taken herbal supplements.
Respondents reported the number of months they had taken herbal supplements (HERYMONO). They also reported the frequency with which they had taken such supplements (HERYDAYNO), responding as they wished in terms of either days per week or days per month (HERYDAYTP). The National Center for Health Statistics recoded the data from the last two variables to create two new variables with consistent time units across respondents: HERYDPW (Number of days per week took herbal supplements during past 12 months) and HERYDPM (Number of days per month took herbal supplements during past 12 months).
For persons who took more than one herbal supplement, one cannot disentangle the length of time taking individual herbs. For example, persons who took both aloe and St. John's wort, and who reported taking herbal supplements every day per week for 12 months, might have taken St. John's wort daily and aloe occasionally, or might have taken aloe daily and St. John's wort occasionally, or might have taken both supplements every day for a year.
For more information on the full range of variables related to herbs, see HERYR.
- 2000: Sample adults age 18+ who took herbal supplements in past 12 months.
- 2000 : SAMPWEIGHT