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OCC
Detailed occupation

Description

OCC reports the sample person's primary occupation, coded into a contemporary Classified Index of Occupation (from 1969 to 1982) and the Standard Occupational Classification (from 1983 and forward). Please see the Comparability and Universe tabs for more information on how this variable was constructed.

To increase comparability over time, the IPUMS NHIS provides OCC1995, which applies a common occupational classification system over time. This recoded variable is also discussed at the "User Note on Occupation and Industry Variables".

Comparability

Occupational classifications in the NHIS are informed by different occupational schemes, which limits the comparability of this variable over time. Please see the User Note on Occupation and Industry Variables for more information on different occupational schemes in NHIS surveys.

Changes in the universe across years also limit the comparability of this variable.

 

From 1969 to 1996, the universe included sample persons aged 17 and older (1969-1981 samples) and sample persons aged 18 and older (1982-1996 samples) who were in the labor force in the past 2 weeks. According to the Interviewer's Manual, being in the labor force means that the person is currently working, is temporarily absent from a job, or is looking for work. From 1997 to 2003, the question was asked of sample persons aged 18 and older who were working at a paying job last week, were with a job/business but not at work, or were working at a non-paying job last week. The universe from 2004 forward is similar to that of the 1997-2003 samples, except that people who have ever worked are now also included in the universe. Users wishing to increase the comparability of OCC should use WORKEV to exclude persons who have ever worked and are not currently employed.

Universe

  • 1969-1981: Persons age 17+ who were in the labor force (working, temporarily absent from a job, or looking for work) during the past 2 weeks.
  • 1982-1996: Persons age 18+ who were in the labor force (working, temporarily absent from a job, or looking for work) during the past 2 weeks.
  • 1997-2003: Sample adults aged 18+ who were working at a paying job last week, with a job or business but not at work, working at a non-paying job last week
  • 2004-2017: Sample adults aged 18+ who were working at a paying job last week, with a job or business but not at work, working at a non-paying job last week, or who had ever worked

Availability

  • 1969-2017

Weights