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Family's raw score on the 30-day food security scale

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FSRAWSCORE reports family's raw score on the 30-day food security scale. It ranges from 0-10 and reflects the number of affirmative responses to the ten food insecurity questions that correspond with the following variables: FSRUNOUT, FSNOTLAST,

For more information on how affirmative responses were determined, please select more. Please see the comparability tab for details on possible changes in comparability over time.


Although FSSKIPNO and FSNOEATNO are continuous variables, a response is considered affirmative if number of days ranges from 1-30. For the other 8 variables, responses including "often true," "sometimes true," and "yes" are considered affirmative.

The purpose of the Food Security supplement in the Family Questionnaire is to assess whether the individual's family has been able to afford adequate food for all adults during the previous 30 days. These questions are sponsored by the Economic Research Service at the U.S. Department of Agriculture.


FSATELESS, FSHUNGRY, and FSWEIGHT are among the 10 variables that were used to calculate FSRAWSCORE. In 2013, these three variables experienced a split ballot experiment. Approximately half of the family respondents in quarters 3 and 4 of 2013 were asked the same question as were family respondents in quarters 1 and 2 of 2013 and in previous years. The other half was asked a modified question that included all other adults in the family. The inclusion of other family members as having a potential yes response to FSATELESS, FSHUNGRY, and FSWEIGHT may affect comparability between the 2011-2012 and the 2013 samples. Please refer to the comparability tab of FSATELESS, FSHUNGRY, and FSWEIGHT for more information.

For each of the variables FSATELESS, FSHUNGRY, and FSWEIGHT in 2013, the IPUMS NHIS staff combined all two versions of the question into a single variable to calculate FSRAWSCORE. Therefore, users should be aware of the comparability of FSRAWSCORE between the 2011-2012 and the 2013 samples.

Users are also given the option of excluding responses to FSATELESS, FSHUNGRY, and FSWEIGHT in quarters 3 and 4 of 2013 from their calculation of the FSRAWSCORE. Please use QUARTER to identify responses that were recorded in quarters 3 and 4 of 2013. As always, users are advised to use the appropriate IPUMS NHIS weights in their analysis.


  • 2011-2018: All persons.


  • 2011-2018