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Family-level food security status for 30-day food security

Codes and Frequencies

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FSSTAT indicates food security status for the family of the sample child and sample adult (and prior to 2019, for the person's family) based on their raw score (FSRAWSCORE) on the 30-day food security scale. Based on recommendations from the USDA Economic Research Service, FSSTAT divides FSRAWSCORE into three categories: food secure (combining high and marginal food security, scores between 0 and 2), low food security (scores between 3 and 5), and very low food security (scores between 6 and 10). For a more detailed version of categorical food security status, please see FSSTATDET. The sole difference between FSSTAT and FSSTATDET is that FSSTATDET disaggregates the categories of high and marginal food security into separate "high" and "marginal" food security categories.

FSSTAT is one of a set of variables comprising the Family Food Security Supplement, designed to study 30-day family food security. For more information about the measurement of 30-day family food security or for a list of other variables in the Family Food Security Supplement, please refer to FSRAWSCORE.


The comparability of FSSTAT over time is affected by changes in the question wording and universe of items used to create the overall food security score. Please refer to FSRAWSCORE for more information on comparability issues.

The NHIS questionnaire was substantially redesigned in 2019 to introduce a different data collection structure and new content. For more information on changes in terminology, universes, and data collection methods beginning in 2019, please see the user note.


  • 2011-2018: All persons.
  • 2019-2022: Sample children age 0-17 and sample adults age 18+.


  • 2011-2022