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Saw/talked to NP/PA/midwife, past 12 months

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SAWRNPA identifies sample children and sample adults who had seen or talked to "a nurse practitioner, physician assistant, or midwife" during the past twelve months.


The Field Representative's Manuals for 1997 forward provided the following definition of a nurse practitioner:

A nurse practitioner is a registered nurse who has completed a program of study leading to an expanded role in health care. Nurse practitioners generally function under the supervision of a doctor, but not necessarily in the presence of a doctor. Nurse practitioners often perform duties similar to those of a physician's assistant.

The Manuals for 2001 forward provided the following definition of a physician assistant:

A Physician Assistant (PA) is a health care professional licensed to practice medicine with physician supervision. What a Physician Assistant does varies with training, experience, and state law. The scope of a PA's practice corresponds to the supervising physician's practice. In general, the PA sees many of the same types of patients as does the physician, but the more complicated or non-routine cases are referred to a physician as appropriate. Physician Assistants ALWAYS work in the context of a supervising physician.

Related Variables

SAWRNPA is one of several variables identifying specific types of health care practitioners that respondents had consulted in the previous twelve months. Interviewers began the series of questions by saying, "During the past 12 months, that is, since [12 month reference date], have you seen or talked to any of the following health care providers about your own/[sample child's] health?"


Other types of health care practitioners identified in the survey are: "a chiropractor" (SAWCHIR); "an optometrist, optician, or eye doctor (someone who prescribes eye glasses)" (SAWEYEDR); "a foot doctor" (SAWFOOT); "a general doctor who treats a variety of illnesses (a doctor in general practice, family medicine, or internal medicine") (SAWGEN); "a doctor who specializes in women's health (an obstetrician/gynecologist)" (SAWGYN);"a mental health professional such as a psychiatrist, psychologist, psychiatric nurse, or clinical social worker" (SAWMENT); "a physical therapist, speech therapist, respiratory therapist, audiologist, or occupational therapist" (SAWTHERA); and "a medical doctor who specializes in a particular medical disease or problem (other than obstetrician/gynecologist, psychiatrist, or ophthalmologist)" (SAWSPEC).


This variable is completely comparable over time.


  • 1997-2018: Sample adults age 18+ and sample children under age 18.


  • 1997-2018