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Medicaid coverage probe response

Codes and Frequencies

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For persons under age 65 with no reported health insurance coverage, MCAIDPROB reports responses to a probe question to verify Medicaid status.

Data Collection Process 

Interviewers first asked, "Are you covered by health insurance or some other kind of health care plan?" Respondents were instructed to "Include health insurance obtained through employment or purchased directly as well as government programs like Medicare and Medicaid that provide medical care or help pay medical bills." Individuals who had answered affirmatively were asked, "What kind of health insurance or health care coverage do you have?" Respondents selected the appropriate response from a card listing various types of insurance coverage:

  • Private health insurance (2004 forward)
  • Private health insurance plan from employer or workplace (1997-2003)
  • Private health insurance plan purchased directly (1997-2003)
  • Private health insurance plan through a State or local government program or community program (1998-2003)
  • Medicare (1997 forward)
  • Medi-Gap (1997 forward)
  • Medicaid (1997 forward)
  • CHIP (Children's Health Insurance Program) (1999 forward)
  • Military Health Care/VA (1997-2003)
  • Military Health Care (CHAMPUS/TRICARE/CHAMP-VA) (1997 forward)
  • Indian Health Service (1997 forward)
  • State-sponsored health plan (1997 forward)
  • Other government program (1997 forward)
  • Single Service Plan (e.g., dental, vision, prescriptions) (1999 forward)
  • No coverage of any type (2000 forward)

As described in Field Representative's Manual, beginning in 2004 probe questions "were added to reduce potential errors in reporting Medicare and Medicaid status." Persons under 65 with no reported coverage were asked explicitly about Medicaid coverage, and were reclassified if necessary, based on responses to this question.


There are no comparability issues.


  • 2006-2013; 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018: Persons under age 65 who did not indicate that they had any health insurance coverage when originally asked.


  • 2006-2018