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Used assistive-listening device: Video relay service

Codes and Frequencies

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For sample adults who ever used an assistive listening device, this variable indicates whether the respondent used a video relay service. When asking the question for this variable, interviewers handed respondents a card with eight devices and an "other" category listed on it. Respondents could reply yes or no to each of the devices. Neither the Field Representative's Manual nor the survey text provided any further definition of "video relay service."

Related Variables

Other variables for assistive-listening devices are included in the 2007 survey.


These include:

  • used an assistive listening device (HRALDUSE, 1990, 2007)
  • ever recommended to use a cochlear implant (HRCOCREC, 2007)
  • now use a cochlear implant (HRCOCNOW, 2007)
  • headset or closed-captioned TV (HRALDCCTV 1990, 2007)
  • teletype (TTY) or telecommunications device for the deaf (TTD), or telephone relay service (HRALDTTY 1990, 2007)



  • amplified or vibrating alarm clock (HRALDCLOCK, 2007)


  • a sign language interpreter (HRALDASL, 2007)


  • other special equipment (HRALDOTHER, 1990, 2007)


In 2007, this variable was part of a Sample Adult Hearing Supplement, (sponsored by the National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (NIDCD), which is part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH). The hearing supplement questions were included to address the Healthy People 2010 program initiatives, including increasing access by persons who have hearing impairments to hearing rehabilitation services and adaptive devices (such as cochlear implants), increasing the proportion of persons who have had a hearing examination on schedule, and reducing adult hearing loss in the noise-exposed public. For a full list of hearing related variables see HEARING, quality of hearing.


This variable is only available for 2007.


  • 2007: Sample adults age 18+ who have ever used assistive listening devices.


  • 2007