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Health insurance plan 4: Obtained through group other than employer or union

Codes and Frequencies

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For persons in families who have at least four private insurance plans, HI4OBOTH
indicates whether the fourth plan mentioned was obtained through a group other than an employer or union.

Data Collection Process

Details about the characteristics of insurance plans (such as HI4OBOTH) reflect plans for any family member in the household. In order to determine if the person (rather than someone else in the family) was covered by this plan, analysts should use the variable HI4PCOV (Health Insurance Plan 4: Person's Coverage Status), which indicates whether the person was covered by the plan.

Related variables

Please use the IPUMS NHIS drop-down menus and search function for other related variables.

Information was collected on up to five plans per family.


Users may also want to see the variable descriptions for HI1OBOTH, HI2OBOTH, HI3OBOTH, and HI5OBOTH Likewise, the variables HI1PCOV, HI2PCOV, HI3PCOV, and HI5PCOV indicate coverage status for each plan.

Definition of Private Coverage

In 1980, private health insurance was defined as any insurance which pays all or part of the hospital, doctor's, or surgeon's bill. Users are strongly encouraged to review the user notes Insurance Data Collection and Private Insurance Definitions.


There are no comparability issues.


  • 1980: Persons covered by 4 private health insuranceplans and who are not insured through employer/union (or for whom it was unknown whether they were insured through employer/union) (excluding Medicare or single service plans).


  • 1980