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Health insurance plan 1: Obtained through group other than employer or union

Codes and Frequencies

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For persons in families who have at least one private insurance plan, HI1OBOTH
indicates if the first plan mentioned was obtained through a group other than an employer or union.

Data Collection Process

Details about the characteristics of insurance plans (such as HI1OBOTH) reflect plans for any family member in the household. In order to determine if the person (rather than someone else in the family) was covered by this plan, analysts should use the variable HI1PCOV (Health Insurance Plan 1: Person's Coverage Status), which indicates whether the person was covered by the plan.

Related variables

Please use the IPUMS NHIS drop down menu and search functions for other related variables.

Information was collected on up to five plans per family.


Users may also want to see the variable descriptions for HI2OBOTH, HI3OBOTH, and HI4OBOTH and HI5OBOTH Likewise, the variables HI2PCOV, HI3PCOV, HI4PCOV, and HI5PCOV indicate coverage status for each plan.

Definition of Private Coverage

In 1980, private health insurance was defined as any insurance which pays all or part of the hospital, doctor, or surgeon's bill. Users are strongly encouraged to review the user notes Insurance Data Collection and Private Insurance Definitions.


There are no comparability issues.


  • 1980: Persons covered by private health insurance or with unknown coverage and who are not insured through employer/union; DK if insured through employer/union.


  • 1980