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Does breathing exercises as part of yoga

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For sample adults age 18 and older and children age 4 and older who practiced yoga in the past 12 months, YTQYOGBREX reports whether the person did breathing exercises as part of yoga. Respondents were told that "[b]reathing exercises may involve actively controlling the way air is drawn in, or the rate or depth of breathing."

Yoga was one of many alternative health treatment modalities included in the Complementary and Alternative Health Supplements. If sample respondents indicated that they had practiced yoga in the past 12 months (YTQYOGYR), in some years they were asked a series of follow-up questions.


Beginning in 2012, the Field Representative's Manual provided the following definition:

Yoga combines breathing exercises, physical postures, and meditation to calm the nervous system and balance body, mind, and spirit. Usually performed in classes, sessions are conducted once a week or more and roughly last 45 minutes.

Field representatives were advised to "feel free to offer [this definition] even if the respondent has not requested [it]."


There are no comparability issues.


  • 2012, 2017: Sample adults age 18+ and sample children age 4+ who have used Yoga in the past 12 months.


  • 2012, 2017