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Child has special health care need


SPNEEDKID is a one-column variable.

1 = No -- No special health care need
2 = Yes -- Special health care need
9 = NIU


SPNEEDKID indicates whether sample children age 17 and under met the criteria for having a special health care need. Children met the criteria for having a special health care need if they had a medical, behavioral, or other health condition that (1) lasted or was expected to last for at least 12 months, and (2) required health and related services of a type or amount beyond that required by children generally.

SPNEEDKID is an IPUMS NHIS-created variable that summarizes responses given to a series of questions that were part of the Children with Special Health Care Needs (CSHCN) Supplement included in the Sample Child Health Care Access and Utilization section of the NHIS. A value of 1 in SPNEEDKID indicates that the child did not have a special health care need; a value of 2 in SPNEEDKID indicates that the child had a special health care need. For information on the variables and scoring procedures used to determine if sample children qualified as having a special health care need, see CHNEEDRX.

For children with a positive response in SPNEEDKID, three other IHIS-created summary variables indicate the type of special health care need. The variables SPNEEDRX, SPNEEDSERV, and SPNEEDLIM respectively indicate whether the child's special health care needs were in the domain of dependency on prescription medication, service use above that considered usual or routine, and/or functional limitations.


SPNEEDKID only occurs in 2002.


  • 2002: Sample children under age 18.


  • 2002