Codes and Frequencies
RELMANTYR reports whether the person had used mantra meditation in the past 12 months. Please see the Comparability and Universe Tabs for more information on changes to the universe of this variable over time.
Mantra meditation was defined to include Transcendental Meditation, Relaxation Response, and Clinically Standardized Meditation. Relaxation techniques were one of many alternative health treatment modalities included in the Complementary and Alternative Health Supplements. If sample respondents gave a positive response to RELMANTYR, in some years they were asked a series of follow-up questions.
The 2012 and 2017 Field Representative's Manuals provide the following definition:
Field representatives were advised to "feel free to offer [this definition] even if the respondent has not requested [it]."
Aside from slight changes in universe and question wording, this variable is comparable over time. In 2012, sample adults and sample children aged 4 and older were asked whether they/the sample child had ever used meditation, guided imagery, or progressive relaxation (RELAXEV) and if they had ever used mantra meditation for health or treatment (RELMANTEV). If they indicated that they had ever used mantra meditation for health or treatment, they were then asked whether they had used mantra meditation in the past 12 months. In 2017, sample adults and sample children aged 4 and older were asked whether they/the sample child used mantra meditation in the past 12 months without being first asked if they had ever used relaxation techniques in general or mantra meditation specifically, or whether they used mantra meditation for health or treatment.
- 2012: Sample adults age 18+ and sample children age 4+ who have ever used a mantra meditation.
- 2017: Sample adults age 18+ and sample children age 4+.
- 2012, 2017