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Used massage, past 12 months

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For sample adults and children in 2012 who had ever used massage (MASEV) but had either not seen a practitioner for massage in the past 12 months or had never seen a practitioner for massage, MASUSEYR reports whether they used massage in the past 12 months.

Massage was one of many alternative health treatment modalities included in the Alternative Health Supplements.


The 2012 Field Representative's Manual defines massage as:

Massage manipulates muscle and connective tissue to enhance function of those tissues and promote relaxation and wellbeing.

Field representatives were advised to "feel free to offer [this definition] even if the respondent has not requested [it]."

Related Variables
Additional information about the use of massage was collected for respondents who reported using massage in the past 12 months, including variables on frequency and cost of use. Please use the IPUMS NHIS drop-down menus and search function to explore these variables.


There are no comparability issues.


  • 2012: Sample adults age 18+ and sample children of ages 4-17 who have ever used massage but have never seen a practitioner or have not seen one in the past 12 months.


  • 2012