Codes and Frequencies
For sample adults of Hispanic origin or ancestry who generally spoke English or Spanish (LANGSPEAK) or who spoke either of those languages as a child (LANGCHILD), LANGFRIEND reports answers to the question, "Which language do you usually speak with your friends?" Interviewers handed respondents a flashcard listing the following choices: "Only Spanish," "More Spanish than English," "Spanish and English about the same," "More English than Spanish," "Only English." According to the Field Representative's Manual for 2000, if a respondent gave an answer that did not fit one of the response categories, the interviewer was to direct attention back to the flashcard with the probe, "Please pick the closest answer you can." People who had earlier stated that they generally spoke a language other than Spanish or English, and that they had spoken some language other than Spanish or English during their childhood, were not asked this question.
LANGFRIEND was one of a series of questions about language use intended to measure "Hispanic Acculturation." According to the 2000 Field Representative's Manual, these questions, "based on a scale developed by Mexican American researchers," were designed to "identify the degree of acculturation of the Hispanic population with the English-speaking majority." This element of the survey was itself part of a larger module about cancer risk factors and screening. In this context, the Manual explained,
Respondents who were asked the question for LANGFRIEND were also asked the language they usually used for reading (LANGREAD), for speaking at home (LANGHOME), thinking (LANGTHINK), listening to the radio (LANGRADIO), and watching television (LANGTV).
- 2000: Sample adults age 18+ of Hispanic origin or ancestry who generally spoke English or Spanish now or as a child.
- 2000 : SAMPWEIGHT