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Frequency wearing hearing aid, past 12 months

Codes and Frequencies

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For sample adults 18 and older who used a hearing aid, HRAFREQ indicates how often respondents use their hearing aid(s).


There are several universe changes over time. Beginning in 2018, this item was included on the sample adult questionnaire. Please refer to the "Universe" tab for specific information on universe changes. As always, users should employ the prescribed IPUMS NHIS weights.


  • 2002: Sample adults age 18+ and sample children under age 18 who have ever worn a hearing aid.
  • 2007: Sample adults age 18+ who now use a hearing aid.
  • 2010: One quarter of sample adults age 18+ included in the quality of life supplement (and excluded from the family disability supplemement) who use a hearing aid.
  • 2011: Sample adults 18+ who were selected for the Family Disability questions and who use a hearing aid.
  • 2013-2017: Sample adults 18+ who were asked the Family Disability Questions (FDB), were randomly selected to receive the Functioning and Disability (AFD) section, and used a hearing aid.
  • 2018: Sample adults 18+ who used a hearing aid.


  • 2002, 2007, 2010-2018