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For sample children ages 5-17 who are in first grade or higher and who have repeated a grade, GRADREPET1 reports the first grade that the sample child repeated.

GRADREPET1 is part of the Child Health supplement, first released in 1981. This supplement includes a number of questions on child's schooling. For more information and related variables, please see GOSCHOOLEV, or use the IPUMS NHIS search function and drop-down menus.


There are no comparability issues.


  • 1981: Sample persons age 5 to 17 in first grade or higher who have ever repeated a grade.
  • 1988: Sample persons age 5 to 17 who have ever attended school, who are not in school or are on vacation from school or are/will be in first grade through college senior or in ungraded school (or for whom it was unknown whether they were in school or what grade they were in), and who ever repeated a grade.


  • 1981, 1988