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Ever saw a Native American Medicine Man

Codes and Frequencies

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For sample adults and children in 2007 and 2012, FOKNAM reports whether the person had ever seen a Native American Healer for health reasons. Those who answered affirmatively were asked whether they had seen a Native American Healer in the past 12 months (FOKNAMYR).

Traditional medicine was one of many alternative health treatment modalities included in the Alternative Health Supplements.

Related Variables
Additional information about the use of traditional medicine was collected for respondents who reported using traditional medicine in the past 12 months, including variables on frequency and cost of use. Please use the IPUMS NHIS drop-down menus and search function to explore these variables.


In 2007, sample children were added to the universe for this question. In 2007 only, the sample child universe was not restricted by if the sample child had ever seen a traditional healer (FOKEV). Because of this expanded universe, the number of negative responses for FOKNAM is much higher in 2007. Otherwise, there are no comparability issues.


  • 2007: Sample adults age 18+.
  • 2012: Sample adults age 18+ and sample children of ages 4-17.


  • 2007, 2012