Data Cart

Your data extract

0 variables
0 samples
View Cart
Work status and history

Codes and Frequencies

Can't find the category you are looking for? Try the Detailed codes


For sample persons aged 18 and older, EMPSTATHIST is a recoded variable that reports the sample person's work status history. Users could use this variable to indicate whether the sample adult is currently employed, retired (regardless of age), not currently working but have worked in the past, or have never worked.

In 1988, EMPSTATHIST is part of the Occupational Health supplement. From 2001 to 2003, EMPSTATHIST was created based on EMPSTAT which reports whether the sample person is part of the labor force, WHYNOWK2 which indicates the reason why the sample person does not work, and WORKEV which provides information on whether the sample person has ever held a job or worked at a business. For related variables, please use the IPUMS NHIS search function and drop-down menus.


Changes in the university limit the comparability of this variable.


  • 1988: Sample persons ageg 18+ who have ever worked
  • 2001-2003: Sample persons aged 18+


  • 1988, 2001-2003