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Educational attainment recode, nonintervalled

Codes and Frequencies

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EDUCREC1 is a recoded combination of two other variables, HIGRADE1 and EDUC, which measure educational attainment in different ways. HIGRADE1, available for 1982-1996, reports the respondent's highest grade of school or year of college completed, by single years. EDUC, available beginning in 1997, classifies high school graduates according to their highest degree or diploma obtained. In EDUCREC1, the HIGRADE1 categories are given the same codes as their approximate equivalents in EDUC.


This variable is comparable over time.

As noted above, EDUCREC1 provides a bridge between EDUC and HIGRADE1 for the period when years of completed schooling are reported in single years. EDUCREC2 provides a bridge between the two ways of measuring educational attainment for 1969-2003, including the years (1969-1981) when years of completed schooling are reported in intervals (e.g., grades 9-11, 1-3 years of college) in HIGRADE2.


  • 1982-2013; 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018: Persons age 5+.


  • 1982-2018