Codes and Frequencies
BIOUSHCREC indicates whether sample adults had used biofeedback because it was recommended by a health care provider. See Survey Text tab for specific changes in question wording between samples; the specificity of the possible health care professionals persons could tell about their use of biofeedback change slightly across surveys.
For information about the full range of variables related to biofeedback, including definitions, see BIOYR. For related variables and more information, please see TABDOM1, or use the search function or IPUMS NHIS drop-down menus.
Prior to 2012, sample adults who had seen a practitioner for biofeedback during the past 12 months and, in 2002, had used biofeedback for a specific health problem or condition were asked their reasons for using biofeedback.
Beginning in 2012, sample adults and sample children were instead asked to select three of sixteen therapies that were most important and only asked the series of questions related to treating health problems, symptoms, or conditions as well as reasons for and importance of use of these top three therapies. Persons who did not include biofeedback among their top three CAM therapies did not answer follow up questions for this therapy beginning in 2012 and are reported as responding no.
- 2002: Sample adults age 18+ who have seen a practitioner for biofeedback during the past 12 months and have used biofeedback to treat a specific health problem or condition.
- 2007: Sample adults age 18+ who have seen a practitioner for biofeedback during the past 12 months.
- 2012: Sample adults age 18+ and sample children ages 4-17 who have reported having at least one top CAM therapy and using this therapy to treat a specific health problem or condition.
- 2002, 2007, 2012