The next questions are about pain and discomfort in the abdomen. By abdominal, we mean (the shaded area on this diagram/the area between the lower ribs and the hips). Do not include pain related to kidneys, bladder, or arthritis (menstruation or pregnancy).
1. During the past 12 months, have you had any type of pain or severe discomfort in your abdomen three or more times?
2 No (Section S3)
9 DK (Section S3)