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Does breathing exercises as part of tai chi

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For sample adults age 18 and older and children age 4 and older who practiced tai chi in the past 12 months, YTQTAIBREX reports whether the person did breathing exercises as part of tai chi. Respondents were told that "[b]reathing exercises may involve actively controlling the way air is drawn in, or the rate or depth of breathing."

Tai chi was one of many alternative health treatment modalities included in the Complementary and Alternative Health Supplements. If sample respondents indicated that they had practiced tai chi in the past 12 months (YTQTAIYR), in some years they were asked a series of follow-up questions.


Beginning in 2012, the Field Representative's Manual provided the following definition:

Tai chi is a mind-body practice that originated in China as a martial art. A person doing tai chi moves his body slowly and gently, while breathing deeply and meditating (tai chi is sometimes called "moving meditation"). Many practitioners believe that tai chi helps the flow throughout the body of a proposed vital energy called "qi." A person practicing tai chi moves her body in a slow, relaxed, and graceful series of movements. One can practice on one's own or in a group. The movements make up what are called forms (or routines).

Field representatives were advised to "feel free to offer [this definition] even if the respondent has not requested [it]."


There are no comparability issues.


  • 2012, 2017: Sample adults age 18+ and sample children age 4+ who have used Tai Chi in the past 12 months.


  • 2012, 2017