Data Cart

Your data extract

0 variables
0 samples
View Cart
Does breathing exercises as part of qi gong

Codes and Frequencies

Can't find the category you are looking for? Try the Detailed codes


For sample adults age 18 and older and children age 4 and older who practiced Qi gong in the past 12 months, YTQIGBREX reports whether the person did breathing exercises as part of Qi gong. Respondents were told that "[b]reathing exercises may involve actively controlling the way air is drawn in, or the rate or depth of breathing."

Qi gong was one of many alternative health treatment modalities included in the Complementary and Alternative Health Supplements. If sample respondents indicated that they had practiced Qi gong in the past 12 months (YTQIGYR), in some years they were asked a series of follow-up questions.


Beginning in 2012, the Field Representative's Manual provided the following definition:

Qi gong is an ancient Chinese discipline combining the use of gentle physical movements, mental focus, and deep breathing directed toward specific parts of the body. Performed in repetitions, the exercises are normally performed two or more times a week for 30 minutes at a time.

Field representatives were advised to "feel free to offer [this definition] even if the respondent has not requested [it]."


There are no comparability issues.


  • 2012, 2017: Sample adults age 18+ and sample children age 4+ who have used Qi Gong in the past 12 months.


  • 2012, 2017