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Special services or instruction for problem(s)

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For sample adults ages 18 and older, VSLSPEC reports if the person ever received special services or instruction for a problem with her or his voice, swallowing, speech, or language. The question further specifies that this could include, for example, pronunciation, using or understanding words or sentences, or special services or instruction in reading.

VSLSPEC is part of the Adult Voice, Speech and Language Supplement. For related variables and more information, please use the IPUMS NHIS search function and drop-down menus, or see VSLDIAG, which reports on diagnosis, VSLVDAYS, which reports on the problem duration and extent, and VSLVSLPYR, which reports on treatment.


There are no comparability issues with this variable.


  • 2012: Sample adults 18+


  • 2012