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How often secured in safety seat or seatbelt

Codes and Frequencies

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For children under age 5, SSEATFREQ reports how often the child was buckled in a child safety seat or, for 1991, by a seatbelt.

SSEATFREQ was first asked in the 1985 Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Supplement, which included and Injury Control and Child Safety and Health. For related variables and more information about this supplement, please use the IPUMS NHIS search function and drop-down menus.


In 1985 and 1990, the survey question specifically asked whether the child was buckled in a car safety seat, whereas in 1991 asks about child safety seat use or seatbelt use.


  • 1985: Children under age 5.
  • 1990-1991: Children under age 5.


  • 1985, 1990-1991