Codes and Frequencies
RELATE reports an individual's relationship to the householder.
Changes in Public Use Data Categories
The following categories may pose problems of comparability because of changing definitions across time periods:
- (a) "Persons who consider the sample unit as their home and who are: 1) Living at home at the time of the interview; or 2) temporarily absent at the time of the interview, on vacation, visiting or on business. This includes bus drivers, railroadmen, traveling salesmen, etc., who usually do not stay long in one place, but who return home at intervals."
- (b) "Persons who consider the sample unit as their home but who are in a general hospital, that is, a hospital where most patients remain for a short period of time only, regardless of how long their stay has been in the hospital."
- (c) "New-born babies who have not yet left the hospital."
- (d) "Students of any age (including student nurses) who live in the sample unit while attending school. (If they are at home on summer vacation at the time of the interview consider them as household members of their own home.)"
- (e) "Crew members of a vessel who consider the sample unit as their home. This rule applies regardless of the length of their trips and regardless of whether they are at home or on the vessel at the time of your visit."
- (f) "Domestic or other employees who live with the household and sleep in the sample unit."
- (g) "Boarders or roomers who regularly sleep in the sample unit."
- (h) "Civilians who usually live in the sample unit but who are temporarily abroad on a vacation or in connection with their work."
- (i) "Persons temporarily visiting with the household but who have no usual place of residence elsewhere."
- (j) "Foster children, wards."
- Persons/Families with Two or More Homes: Some persons or families have two or more homes and may spend part of the time in each. For such cases, interviews were consistently (1969-forward) instructed to consider the usual place of residence as the place where the person/family spent the largest part of the calendar year. Thus, interviewers were instructed to interview persons living in vacation homes, trailers, etc. only if it was their usual place of residence. If interviewers were unable to determine the person's/family's usual place of residence, the interviewer was instructed to consider the person/family to be a resident of the sample unit if present there at the time of interview.
- "Citizens of Foreign Countries - The Field Representative's Manuals provide the following guidelines for interviewers:
- In 1969-1981, (c) was further qualified by requiring that such persons be either permanently living in the United States, or temporarily living in the United States and going to school, or employed, or members of the family of a person going to school or employed.
- Persons Who Work Away from Home: The 1969-1981 Field Representative's Manuals provided interviewers with instructions for handling cases in which persons worked away from home. According to the Manuals, some "persons sleep most of the week in one place to be near their work but may spend weekends or other nonwork periods in another place. Count such persons as members of the household in which they sleep most of the week."
- Domestic Employees in Separate House or Cabin: The 1969-1981 Field Representative's Manuals provided interviewers with instructions for handling cases in which domestic employees sleep in separate quarters. According to the Manuals, if "domestic employees sleep in a separate house or cabin, count them as a separate household if they have separate cooking equipment. If they do not have separate cooking equipment, count them as part of the main household."
- Migratory Workers: The 1969-1981 Field Representative's Manuals provided interviewers with instructions for handling migratory workers. According to the Manuals, interviewers should consider "migrant farm or ranch workers and logging camp workers as household members of the sample unit IF they have no usual place of residence elsewhere in the United States."
- Students: Beginning in 1982, interviewers were instructed by the Field Representative's Manuals to consider a student (including student nurses) as household member of his or her parents' home only if at home with no usual residence at the school. As noted in the 1990 Field Representative's Manual, even "if a student considers his/her parents' home to be the usual residence, consider him/her to be a household member where presently residing [attending school]." Beginning in 1997, the following qualification appears in the Field Representative's Manual: "[This/The above] applies only to post-secondary school students and student nurses. Children under 18 attending boarding school away from home should still be considered as household members in their parents' homes."
- Seamen: Beginning in 1982, interviewers were instructed by the Field Representative's Manuals to consider "crew members of a vessel to be household members at their home rather than on the vessel, regardless of whether they are at home or on the vessel" at the time of the interview. This instruction was qualified by the assumption that the seamen had no usual place of residence elsewhere.
- Members of Armed Forces: Beginning in 1982, interviewers were instructed by the Field Representative's Manuals to consider ("active duty," beginning in 1997) members of the Armed Forces "as household members if they are stationed in the locality and usually sleep in the sample unit."
- 1963-2013; 2014: All persons.
- 1963-2017 : PERWEIGHT