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Recode: frequency eating non-fried potatoes, times per year


POTATOYR is a 4-digit-numeric variable.

0: Never or less than 6 times per year
9995: 9995+ times
9996: Not in Universe
9997: Unknown-refused
9998: Unknown-not ascertained
9999: Unknown-don't know


For sample adults, POTATOYR is a recoded variable that reports how many times per year the respondent consumed other (i.e., non-fried) potatoes. Other potatoes are described as baked, boiled, or mashed potatoes as well as potato salad. This recoded variable is based on the responses to POTATONO, which reports the frequency with which the respondent ate other potatoes and POTATOTP, which reports the corresponding time unit. For information about the portion size, see POTATSIZ.

POTATOYR is part of a series of variables initiated in 1987 related to food, food knowledge, and cancer. For related variables, please use the IPUMS NHIS search function and drop-down menus.


Prior to 2000, respondents were asked about foods they usually ate in the past year. Beginning in 2000, this recall period was reduced to foods the respondent usually ate in the past month. The structure of the responses (recording number of times a food was consumed and the time unit associated with that frequency) makes it possible to compare response categories even with different recall periods. In 2005, this format of separate frequency and time units was not used; instead respondents' answers were organized into pre-defined categories. Researchers interested in using all years of available data may consider seeing the 2005 variable POTATOMO, and modifying POTATONO and POTATOTP to correspond to the pre-defined categories from 2005.

Prior to 2010, respondents were told not to include sweet potatoes. However, beginning in 2010, respondents were told to include sweet potatoes.

Changes in survey design (e.g., quarters in which the supplement was collected) may affect raw frequencies, but do not affect comparability of the variable. As always, data users should use the prescribed IHIS weights.


  • 1987: Half of sample persons age 18+ (excluded from CACT supplement).
  • 1992: Half of sample persons age 18+ in quarters 1 and 2, and in 2 weeks of quarter 3 (excluded from CACT supplement).
  • 2000: Sample adults age 18+.


  • 1987, 1992, 2000