Codes and Frequencies
For respondents age 18 who have ever smoked a pipe at least 50 times in their life (and those 17 and over who ever smoked a pipe in 1970), this variable indicates if the respondent smoked a pipe at the time of the survey.
In 1987, the Field Representative's Manual noted that if questions arise, interviewers should include pipe tobacco only, and cigarette or cigars crumbled into pipes should not be counted. For all years, the term "pipe" was respondent defined.
This variable is completely comparable for 1987 forward. For 1970, apart from changes in the universe, the use of proxy reporting reduces comparability with all later years. In 1970, a respondent representing the family (a proxy) could answer the questions associated with PIPENOW for all other family members over age 17. As self-report is typically more accurate than proxy report, researchers may want to indicate this caveat when analyzing the data or interpreting results and when comparing 1970 with all later years.
- 1970: Persons age 17+ who ever smoked a pipe.
- 1987; 1991: Sample persons age 18+ who have ever smoked a pipe at least 50 times in their entire life.
- 1992: Half of sample persons age 18+ in quarters 1 and 2, and in 2 weeks of quarter 3 (excluded from CAEP supplement) who have ever smoked a pipe at least 50 times in their entire life.
- 1970, 1987, 1991-1992