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Medications during labor for birth of child

Codes and Frequencies

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For sample persons less than 6 years old whose biological parent is the respondent, PGMRXLABOR indicates if the person's biological mother was given any medicine, shots, or gas, during labor, and if so, what type. If necessary, labor was defined for respondents as follows: "Labor beings with the onset of contractions that lead to delivery. Do not include false labor but do include medication to induce labor". Please see Codes tab for detailed information on types of medication that could be reported.

This variable is part of the 1981 Child Health Supplement. Please use the IPUMS NHIS drop-down menus and search function to find other variables related to this supplement.


The 1981 Child Health Supplement collected information about children 17 years of age and younger on a wide range of topics, including: family structure, child care, breastfeeding, development, medications, birth and prenatal events, hospitalizations and surgery, chronic conditions, weight, school, behavior problems, social issues, and sleep habits. All questions were asked of the adult best able to provide accurate information about the child. The preferred respondents for this supplement, in order of priority, are: biological mother, biological father, an adoptive, step, or foster parent, a legal guardian, a primary caretaker, or another adult.


There are no comparability issues with this variable.


  • 1981: Sample whose under age 6, respondent is biological parent.


  • 1981