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Family pays lower rent due to government program

Codes and Frequencies

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For sample persons living in a rented house or apartment, LOWRENT indicates whether the respondent or anyone in the respondent's family was paying lower rent because the federal, state, or local government was paying part of the cost.

Government housing assistance may come in the form of monetary assistance to help pay rent, a program called "Section 8," direct payments to landlords, vouchers, or other types of assistance from a local housing authority. Living in public housing is considered housing assistance from the government.

For related variables, please use the IPUMS NHIS search function or drop-down menus.


This variable is comparable over time.


  • 1998-2013; 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018: Persons living in a rented house or apartment.


  • 1998-2018