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Using toilet: Use special equipment

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For all sample persons who need help and/or use special equipment when using the toilet in 1979 and 1980, and for persons age 55 and older in 1984 and age 65 and older in 1986 who have difficulty using the toilet due to a health or physical problem, LATOILTEQPYN reports if she/he uses special equipment when using the toilet.

This variable was introduced in 1979 as part of a series of variables related to the difficulty of doing various activities due to a physical/mental condition, the use of help from others to carry on such activities, and the number of years this difficulty has persisted. For related variables, please use the IPUMS NHIS search function and drop-down menus.


Changes in the universe, including in included ages and inclusion criteria, reduce comparability over time. See the Universe tab for more details.


  • 1979-1980: Persons who need help or use special equipment in using the toilet.
  • 1984: Sample persons age 55+ who have difficulty using the toilet.
  • 1986: Persons age 65+ who have difficulty using the toilet.


  • 1979-1980, 1984, 1986