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Limited in kind/amount of work (health)

Codes and Frequencies

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LAMTWRK indicates whether adults were currently unable to work at all, were limited in the amount or kind of work they could do, or were not limited in their work by a physical, mental, or emotional problem.

The term "problem" was respondent-defined. Nonetheless, the Field Representative's Manual for 1997 forward informed interviewers what was intended by this term. The text states,

A problem is defined as the respondent's perception of a chronic, perhaps permanent, departure from physical, mental or emotional well-being. Short-term disabilities (such as pregnancy or injury where full recovery is expected) should not be included as problems.

The text for 2001 forward also states,

A health problem is respondent defined. Generally speaking, though, it is any condition, physical, mental, or emotional, which causes limitation in activity . . . Do not include pregnancy or delivery as a health problem.

The Manual for 1997 forward defined "limited" as referring to a person's ability to only partially perform a specific activity, perform that activity only part of the time, or not perform that activity at all. In practice, "limited" was respondent-defined. The Manual directed interviewers, "Do NOT define this term (limited) to respondents. If asked for a definition, emphasize that we are interested in whether the respondent thinks the person is limited in that specific activity or not."

LANOWORK (Unable to work due to health problem) repeats information included in LAMTWRK (i.e., those with an affirmative response, code "2," in LANOWORK, are coded as "3," "Unable to work," in LAMTWRK).


This variable is completely comparable over time.


  • 1997-2013; 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018: Persons age 18+.


  • 1997-2018