INCWELFR is an 8-digit numeric variable with 2 implied decimals.
99999999: Not in Universe
1993 and 1996: top code is $400 or greater
1994: top code is $500 or greater
1995: top code is $450 or greater
For persons who received any welfare or public assistance payments at any time during the month prior to the interview, INCWELFR reports the amount of the payment(s) that the person received last calendar month.
Please refer to the Universe and Comparability tabs for more detailed information on changes in the universe across survey years.
INCWELFR is part of the Family Resources supplement that provides information on individuals' health benefits, amount of coverage and income received from employment, welfare benefits, public assistance, and savings.
Questions in the Family Resources supplement are different from those in the core survey in terms of the content and the treatment of missing data. Questions in the Family Resources were normally asked of the month prior to the interview while the core survey asked of the last calendar year. All missing data in the Family Resources supplement were imputed by NHIS. Users can refer to the imputation flag variable QINCWELF to identify persons with imputed data.
Changes in the universe between the 1990-1992 and 1993-1996 surveys limit the comparability of this variable.
In order to make INCWELFR comparable across all survey years, users should exclude single-person households and married-couple households whose annual income is at least $20,000 (use INCFAMR82ON).
- 1990-1992: Persons who received welfare/public assistance last month
- 1993: All persons in quarters 3 and 4 who received welfare/public assistance last month and did not live in single or married-couple families whose annual income is $20,000+
- 1994-1996: All persons who received welfare/public assistance last month and did not live in single or married-couple families whose annual income is $20,000+