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Saw provider for hypnosis, past 12 months

Codes and Frequencies

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For sample adults in 2002, 2007, and 2012 who had ever seen a practitioner for hypnosis (HYPEV) and for sample children in 2007 and 2012, HYPYR reports whether the person had used hypnosis in the past 12 months. In 1999, information about hypnosis use in the past 12 months was collected from all sample adults.

Hypnosis was one of many alternative health treatment modalities included in the 2002, 2007, and 2012 Complementary and Alternative Health Supplements. If sample respondents gave a positive response to HYPYR, they were asked a series of follow-up questions.


The 1999 Field Representative's Manual defines hypnosis as:

when a health professional puts a person in a state that resembles sleep. Suggestions are readily accepted when a person is in this state.

This definition was not routinely shared with respondents.

In later years the definitions were more expansive. The 2002 Field Representative's Manual says that hypnosis is:

an altered state of consciousness characterized by increased responsiveness to suggestion. This hypnotic state is attained by first relaxing the body, then shifting the client's attention toward a narrow range of objects or ideas as suggested by the hypnotist or hypnotherapist. The procedure is used to access various levels of the mind to effect positive changes in a person's behavior and to treat numerous health conditions. For example, hypnosis has been used to lose weight, improve sleep, and reduce pain and stress.

This definition was not routinely shared with respondents.

The 2007 and 2012 Field Representative's Manual provides a definition almost identical to the one given in 2002, but offers an alternative list of health conditions that hypnosis is often used to treat (ulcers, chronic pain, respiratory ailments, stress, and headaches).

In 2007 and 2012 field representatives were advised to "feel free to offer [this definition] even if the respondent has not requested [it]."

The 2002, 2007, and 2012 survey questions asked whether the person had seen "a practitioner" (for sample adults) or "a provider or practitioner" (for sample children) for hypnosis in the past 12 months. The 2007 and 2012Manual defines an "alternative provider or practitioner" as:

someone who is knowledgeable about a specific alternative health practice. This person provides care or gives advice about its use, and usually receives payment for his or her services.

Related Variables

Additional information about use of hypnosis was collected for respondents who reported using hypnosis in the past 12 months, including variables on frequency of use and amount of out-of-pocket costs. Please use the IPUMS NHIS drop-down menus and search function to learn more about these variables.


In 2007, sample children were added to the universe for this question. In 2007 only, the sample child universe was not restricted by if the sample child had ever seen a practitioner for hypnosis (HYPEV). Because of this expanded universe, the number of negative responses for HYPYR is much higher in 2007. Otherwise, there are no comparability issues.


  • 1999: Sample adults age 18+.
  • 2002: Sample adults age 18+ who have ever seen a practitioner for hypnosis.
  • 2007: Sample adults age 18+ and sample children under 18 who have ever seen a practitioner for hypnosis.
  • 2012: Sample adults age 18+ and sample children between the ages of 4 and 17 who have ever seen a practitioner for hypnosis.


  • 1999, 2002, 2007, 2012