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Unable to pay medical bills

Codes and Frequencies

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For sample adults and sample children who said they do not have problems paying their medical bills (responses of "yes," "refused, or "don't know" on HIPROBPAYR), HIUNABLEPAY reports whether the person or anyone in their family has medical bills that they are unable to pay at all. Prior to 2019, all persons with a response of "yes," "refused," "not ascertained," or "don't know" on HIPROBPAYR were included in the universe for HIUNABLEPAY.


The NHIS questionnaire was substantially redesigned in 2019 to introduce a different data collection structure and new content. For more information on changes in terminology, universes, and data collection methods beginning in 2019, please see the user note.


  • 2011-2018: All persons but those who said they don't have problems paying their medical bills.
  • 2019-2020: Sample adults age 18+ and sample children ages 0-17 who said they or anyone in their family had problems paying their medical bills in the past 12 months, refused the question, or did not know (HIPROBPAYR).


  • 2011-2020