Data Cart

Your data extract

0 variables
0 samples
View Cart
Plan 1: Paid for by someone outside household

Codes and Frequencies

Can't find the category you are looking for? Try the Detailed codes


For persons with at least one private insurance plan, this variable indicates whether the person's first plan was paid for by someone outside the household. Interviewers did not probe to identify or describe who the "someone" was, and no identification of the "someone" was determined in the survey.

Information was collected on up to four plans per family; for 2004 forward, only data for plans one and two are publicly available.


Users may want to also use the related variables HIP2OUT, HIP3OUT, and HIP4OUT. Users may also want to use the variable HIPOUTR, a recoded variable created by the IPUMS NHIS staff that indicates whether the respondent had any plan paid for by someone outside the household.

Users should note that the definition and measurement of private health insurance changed over time. For all years, single service plans or plans which paid only for accidents were not considered private insurance. Users are strongly encouraged to refer to HIPRIVATEE for more information on the definition of private insurance. A brief discussion of the editing of private insurance coverage is provided in text under "more."

Data Editing and Recoding

The frequencies provided in HIP1OUT reflect responses to whether or not the respondent had private insurance that have been edited for accuracy. Only respondents verified to have private insurance are included in the data for HIP1OUT.


To clarify, during the course of data editing, the NCHS discovered errors in the responses to questions about insurance coverage. This might be shown, for example, by a mismatch between the verbatim name of an insurance plan and the type of insurance coverage the person selected from the categories on the card. Relevant to HIP1OUT, someone may have mistakenly reported having private insurance when in fact they did not. These individuals are not included in the frequencies reported in HIP1OUT.

The NCHS created a series of recoded insurance variables which are edited to correct for respondents' mistakes of insurance information. The NCHS strongly advisesanalysts to use these recoded insurance variables as a more reliable source of information about the types of insurance coverage than is provided by respondents' original and unedited answers about their insurance type.


This variable is mostly comparable over time, though there are differences in the response categories for 1997 and 1998 as compared to 1999 forward. The category "someone outside the household" used in the 1997 survey was changed to "someone outside the household or community program" in the 1998 survey. From 1999 forward, the term "community program" was separated from "someone outside the household" and moved into a "state or local government or community program" category. For 1999 forward, respondents could also report the category Children's Health Insurance Program, as this became available in 1999.

Information was collected on up to four plans per family; for 2004 forward, only data for plans one and two are publicly available. However, this reduction in the number of plans publicly available does not greatly reduce comparability as very few individuals have more than 2 private insurance plans. Persons with more than two plans have a "yes" response to the HIPRIVGT2 variable (available for 2004 forward).


  • 1997-2013; 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018: Persons with private health insurance plans.


  • 1997-2018