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Codes and Frequencies

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For sample adults, FRUITMO reports frequency with which the respondent consumed fruit in the past month. This includes fresh, frozen, or canned fruit, but does not include fruit juice. If necessary, the interview prompted the respondent to, "include fruits such as apples, bananas, applesauce, melon, berries, fruit salad, mango, papayas, oranges, and grapes". Other survey years report food frequency in a standardized format, recording the number of times a food was consumed and the corresponding time unit. Food frequencies in 2005 are instead classified into pre-defined frequency categories. Researchers interested in using all years of available data may consider modifying FRUTNO and FRUTTP to correspond to the pre-defined categories used in FRUITMO.

FRUTMO is part of a series of variables initiated in 1987 related to food, food knowledge, and cancer. For related variables, please use the IPUMS NHIS search function and drop-down menus.


Changes in survey design (e.g., quarters in which the supplement was collected) may affect raw frequencies, but do not affect comparability of the variable. As always, data users should use the prescribed IHIS weights.


  • 2005: Sample adults age 18+.


  • 2005