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Ever been told you have gestational diabetes (also during pregnancy)

Codes and Frequencies

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For female sample adults age 18 and older who reported having diabetes separately from gestational diabetes or diabetes while pregnant (DIABETICEV), DIAGESTALSO reports if the respondent was first told that she had diabetes or gestational diabetes while pregnant.

For information on female sample adults who did not report having diabetes other than gestational diabetes or diabetes while pregnant, see DIAGESTONLY. For related variables, please see DIABETICEVor use the IPUMS NHIS search function and drop-down menus.


There are slight changes in the phrasing of the exact survey question, as well as universe-defining survey questions in different survey years. Researchers should carefully review differences in universes before making comparisons.

Changes in survey design (e.g., quarters in which the supplement was collected) may affect raw frequencies, but do not affect comparability of the variable. As always, data users should use the prescribed IHIS weights.


  • 1991: Female sample persons age 18+ who have ever been told by a doctor that they had diabetes and were pregnant when first diagnosed
  • 1993: Half of female sample persons age 18+ in quarters 3 and 4 (excluded from Y2K supplement) who have ever been told by a doctor that they had diabetes and were pregnant when first diagnosed.
  • 2006: Female sample adults age 18+ who were ever told they had diabetes other than during pregnancy and who were age 10 or older when first diagnosed with diabetes (or whose age at diagnosis of diabetes was unknown).


  • 1991, 1993, 2006