Codes and Frequencies
For sample adults, this variable reports if the respondent used chewing tobacco at the time of the survey. For 1970, the question asked if the respondent currently used "any other form of tobacco, such as snuff or chewing tobacco" and respondents could answer "snuff," "chewing tobacco," or "No."
For 1970, the question for CHEWNOW was asked of all respondents age 17 and over; for 1993, it was asked of all respondents age 18 and over. For 1991, 1992 and 1994, it was asked of respondents 18 and over who reported using chewing tobacco 20 times.
The 1987 Field Representative's Manual instructed interviewers to record, "DK Chewing Tobacco" if the respondent reported they did not know what chewing tobacco was and to accept other brands of chewing tobacco as well as those given as examples (Redman, Levi Garrett, or Beechnut). The Manuals from 1992 forward mention that using chewing tobacco includes chewing the tobacco or just placing it in the mouth.
Apart from the changes in the universe and slight change in the wording, this variable is not completely comparable over time. In 1970, a respondent representing the family (a proxy) could answer the question associated with CHEWNOW for other family members age 17+. For all other years, respondents answered the question themselves. Because self-reporting is likely to be more accurate than proxy reporting, researchers should exercise caution when comparing results between 1970, with all later years.
- 1970: Persons age 17+.
- 1987; 1991: Sample persons age 18+ who ever used chewing tobacco 20 times.
- 1992: Half of sample persons age 18+ in quarters 1 and 2, and in 2 weeks of quarter 3 (excluded from CAEP supplement) who ever used chewing tobacco 20 times.
- 1993: Half of sample persons age 18+ in quarters 3 and 4 (excluded from AIDS supplement).
- 1994: Half of sample persons age 18+ (excluded from AIDS supplement) who ever used chewing tobacco 20 times.
- 1970, 1987, 1991-1994