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Birthweight, in total ounces (corrected 2004-2010 values)


BWGTTOTOZ is a 3-digit-numeric variable.

000: Not in Universe
018: 18 ounces (500 grams) or less
193: 193+ ounces
997: Unknown-refused
998: Unknown-not ascertained
999: Unknown-don't know


For sample children younger than 18 years old, BWGTTOTOZ reports the person's birth weight in ounces, bottom-coded at 18 ounces and top-coded at 193 ounces. Prior to 2004 and after 2010, the values for BWGTTOTOZ are IPUMS NHIS-recoded variables generated from information on birthweight in pounds and ounces from originally released the sample child file. However, because of a data processing error in the originally released files for 2004-2010, the values for BWGTTOTOZ come from a re-released mini file to correct these values in these years.


The release of the corrected birthweight files describes the problem with the original data processing:

"Raw data for pounds were entered into a two digit field. During data processing, only one digit was read, so that birth weight values of 10-15 pounds were changed to 1 pound, misclassifying high birth weights to very low birth weights. . .In addition, if an interviewer entered 08 for pounds, it was changed to "0", which was then categorized as "not ascertained". The misclassifications were compounded when the incorrect pound values were translated into grams. The ounce data were processed correctly. . . There were additional problems associated with the data entry and processing for cases where birth weight was originally reported in grams. However, it is important to note that relatively few respondents report birth weight in grams (about 100 cases or less than 1% in 2004). . . From 2004-2010, initial data entry allowed birth weight values of 500-6900 grams. In the editing process the range was set to 500-5485 grams, and responses greater than 5485 grams were changed to "Don't know". Responses of less than 500 grams were not allowed by the instrument and are not present in the raw data files."

The re-released files affect data extracts made before September 2015 and only alter the 2004-2010 samples. Users interested in comparing the original birthweight files should contact IHIS user support to obtain the previous, incorrect values for these years. Original NCHS documentation on the corrected birth weight files is available here.


There are no comparability issues with this variable.


  • 2004-2010 ih2015 2016 2017: Sample children under age 18.


  • 2004-2010, 2015-2017