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Used biofeedback, past 12 months

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For sample adults and children in 2012 who had ever used biofeedback (BIOEV) but had either not seen a practitioner for biofeedback in the past 12 months or had never seen a practitioner for biofeedback, BIOUSEYR reports whether they used biofeedback in the past 12 months.

Biofeedback was one of many alternative health treatment modalities included in the Alternative Health Supplements.


The 2012 Field Representative's Manual defines biofeedback as:

Biofeedback uses simple electronic devices to teach clients how to consciously regulate bodily functions, such as breathing, heart rate, and blood pressure, in order to improve overall health. Biofeedback is used to reduce stress, eliminate headaches, recondition injured muscles, control asthmatic attacks, and relieve pain.

Field representatives were advised to "feel free to offer [this definition] even if the respondent has not requested [it]."

Related Variables
Additional information about the use of biofeedback was collected for respondents who reported using biofeedback in the past 12 months, including variables on frequency and cost of use. Please use the IPUMS NHIS drop-down menus and search function to explore these variables.


There are no comparability issues.


  • 2012: Sample adults age 18+ and sample children of ages 4-17 who have ever used biofeedback but have never seen a practitioner or have not seen one in the past 12 months..


  • 2012