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Condition for which biofeedback was used most

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BIOTCONMOST reports the condition which the person has used biofeedback therapy to treat the most. Please see the Comparability and Universe tabs for more information on changes in this variable over time.


Prior to 2012, in universe persons were asked about a series of questions about specific health problems, symptoms, or conditions they may have treated with different complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) therapies.

Beginning in 2012, in universe persons were asked to select three of sixteen therapies that were most important and only asked the series of questions related to treating health problems, symptoms, or conditions about these top three therapies. Unlike other CAM variables created through special programming in 2012, BIOTCONMOST excludes persons who did not report biofeedback among their top three CAM therapies. Persons who wish to include these cases in the universe for BIOTCONMOST, may identify such persons by using the variables CAMTHER1, CAMTHER2, and CAMTHER3, which report the person's top three CAM therapies.

Changes in universe also pose comparability challenges; in 2007, only sample adults were included in the universe. Beginning in 2012, however, sample adults and sample children are included in the universe.


  • 2007: Sample adults age 18+ who have seen a practitioner for biofeedback during the past 12 months and have used biofeedback for at least one specific health problem or condition.
  • 2012: Sample adults age 18+ and sample children ages 4-17 who reported biofeedback among their top CAM therapies and usedthis therapy to treat more than one condition.


  • 2007, 2012