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Risks of heavy drinking in pregnancy: Birth defects

Codes and Frequencies

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ALCRISKBD is part of a series of questions that asked sample persons age 18 to 44 about their beliefs about the risks of heavy drinking during pregnancy. ALCRISKBD reports whether the person thought heavy drinking during pregnancy would definitely increase, probably increase, probably not or definitely not increase the chance of birth defects. Heavy drinking was respondent defined.

Other variables in this series include ALCRISKLBW, ALCRISKMRET, and ALCRISKMISC.

ALCRISKBD was part of a supplement on Health Prevention and Disease Promotion periodically included in the NHIS which helped measure national goals towards the Health People Initiative of the U.S. Surgeon General. Please use the IPUMS NHIS drop down menu and search functions for related variables.


There are no comparability issues.


  • 1985; 1990: Sample persons age 18-44.


  • 1985, 1990